a lange sohne replica datograph to Venice by
a lange sohne replica datograph Many glass working techniques involve manipulating a blob of molten glass on the end of a metal rod. Ancient glass workers would knead a blob of colored glass into a rod shape, and then dip it into molten glass of different colors, so that layers of different colored glass would be built up. A cross section of the rod would show a pattern of concentric colored rings, and this was exploited by slicing the rod into disks, and then fusing them onto glassware to form a pattern.These rods are called Murrine, and it believed the technique for *** them was brought to Venice by Byzantine glass workers, fleeing Constantinople after it defeat in the 4th crusade. Shortly after, Venice glass workers were confined to the island of Murano due to the fire risk from their kilns. Having so many skilled glass workers in a confined area led to Murano becoming a center of excellence for artistic glassware, they went on to dominate the market for several hundred years.Around the end of the 15th Century, Marietta Barovier, daughter of the famous Master glass worker Angelo Barovier, pioneered a technique that formed a star pattern in the center of the design. The molten glass rod was pressed into a metal mold to make it into a star shaped rod, which was then fired in a cylindrical mold packed with glass powder of a different color. This restored the cylindrical shape, with the star pattern embedded in the center.Different mold patterns were added, leading to the petal shaped designs that characterize Murano Millefiori glass. Murrine are quite short and fat when first made,a lange sohne replica datograph typically about 6 inches long and 3 inches in diameter, they are then drawn out to make a longer rod with a smaller diameter. By repeatedly cutting the rod, and drawing it out again, it possible to scale down the design as small as desired.During the Renaissance peak of Murano glass production, Murrine were mostly used for *** decorative spheres, glass pearls, and walking canes. Classic Millefiori jewelry arrived later, but not before a dark period in Murano history.In the 18th Century, Napoleon imposed stiff taxes on Murano glass, he wanted to crush the industry for political reasons. Only a handful of kilns remained open, doing what they could to pass on the a lange sohne replica datograph skills to successive generations.